WHAT DOES “HER SEED” MEAN IN GENESIS 3:15?

Right after Adam and Eve had sinned, God pronounced His punishments upon them. When it came to Satan (who was manifested at that time as a serpent; Rev. 20:2), God said:

“And I will put enmity (separation) between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed. He shall bruise your head and you shall bruise His heel” (Gen. 3:15).

This passage seems quite strange to say the least. When reading the context, God is simply saying that a child will be born through the seed of a woman and ultimately destroy Satan. The only problem with that understanding is that children don’t come from the seed of a woman. They come from the seed of a man.

The reality is that this presents no problem at all from a biblical perspective. If you’re a Christian, then you are familiar with the fact that Jesus came through Mary, who was a virgin at the time of Jesus’ conception and birth (Lk. 1:26-35; Mt. 1:18-25).

“Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name Immanuel” (Isa. 7:14).

The “seed promise” made in Genesis 3:15 would ultimately be fulfilled through a woman—(i.e., “her seed”).

The “seed” that would produce Jesus, which come to be known as “the seed of Abraham” was first promised in the garden in Genesis 3:15 (Gal. 3:15-29; Gen. 12:7; Jn. 8:33). Mary understood that she was fulfilling the role of the promise made long ago—that Jesus would come and be savior of the world. Mary, in referencing her miraculous pregnancy said:

“As He spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and to his seed forever” (Lk. 1:55).

In giving the genealogies, this seed line can be seen being traced back to the beginning to Adam and Eve where the promise was originally made (Luke 3:23-38; Matthew 1:16). Just as God promised, Jesus came through the seed of woman (Mary). Satan bruised the heel of Jesus through the crucifixion and suffering of Jesus. However, this was what ultimately crushed Satan because it was the death on the cross (and resurrection) that was the victory:

“And the God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly…” (Rom. 16:20).

“Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil” (Heb. 2:14).

While Satan was “bruising” Jesus on the cross, in actuality Jesus was crushing Satan. Now that the seed has come (Jesus) and has defeated Satan & death through His own death, burial and resurrection, we can be a part of this “seed” through adoption by having faith in Jesus Christ (1 Pet. 2:21-24; Gal. 3:10-29; 2 Cor. 5:12-21).

“Now I say that the heir, as long as he is a child, does not differ at all from a slave, though he is master of all, but is under guardians and stewards until the time appointed by the father. Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world. But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons. And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, “Abba, Father!” Therefore you are no longer a slave but a son, and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.”

– Kevin Pendergrass

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